Northwest Florida

The low marsh is located along the seaward edge of the salt marsh. It is usually flooded at every tide and exposed during low tide.

Plants in the low marsh:

  • Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora)
  • Saltwort (Batis maritima)
  • Gulf cordgrass (Spartina spartinae)
  • Glasswort (Sarcocornia ambigua)

 

The mid marsh lies between the low marsh and high marsh. The plants here can tolerate flooding but prefer drier conditions.

Plants just above the mean high water line:

  • Saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens)
  • Black mangrove (Avicennia germinans)
  • Saltgrass (Distichlis spicata)
  • Seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum)
  • Sea purslane (Sesuvium portulacastrum or maritimum)
  • Saltmarsh aster (Symphyotrichum tenuifolium)
  • Seashore dropseed (Sporobolus virginicus)

Plants higher in the mid marsh:

  • Saltbush or groundsel (Baccharis angustifolia or halimifolia)
  • Railroad vine (Ipomoea spp.)
  • Marsh elder (Iva frutescens)
  • Blanketflower (Gaillardia pulchella)
  • Sand cordgrass (Spartina bakeri)
  • Sea ox-eye daisy (Borrichia frutescens)
  • Muhle grass (Muhlenbergia capillaris)
  • Wax myrtle (Myrica cerifera)
  • Coneflower (Rudbeckia spp.)
  • Black needlerush (Juncus roemarianus)
  • Red bay (Persea borbonia)
  • Gulf spikerush (Eleocharis cellulosa)
  • Cabbage palm (Sabal palmetto)
  • Sweet acacia (Vachellia farnesiana)

 

The high marsh is generally flooded only during higher than average high tides. It does not experience waterlogged conditions or severe salt stress.

Plants in the high marsh:

  • Fakanatchee grass (Trypsacum dactyloides)
  • False indigo (Amorpha fruticosa)
  • Red cedar (Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola)
  • Milkweed (Asclepias spp.)
  • Herb of grace (Bacopa monnieri)
  • Seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens)
  • Snowberry (Chiococca alba)
  • Beautyberry (Callicarpa americana)
  • Inkberry (Ilex glabra)
  • Yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria)
  • Oak (Quercus spp.)
  • Sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana)
  • Christmasberry (Lycium carolinianum)
  • Rosemallow (Hibiscus moscheutos)

 

Northeast Florida

The low marsh is located along the seaward edge of the salt marsh. It is usually flooded at every tide and exposed during low tide.

Plants in the low marsh:

  • Smooth Cord Grass (Spartina alterniflora)
  • Saltwort (Batis maritima)
  • Big cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora)
  • Glasswort (Sarcocornia ambigua)

 

The mid marsh lies between the low marsh and high marsh. The plants here can tolerate flooding but prefer drier conditions.

Plants just above the mean high water line:

  • Saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens)
  • Black mangrove (Avicennia germinans)
  • Seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum)
  • Seashore dropseed (Sporobolus virginicus)
  • Saltgrass (Distichlis spicata)
  • Sea purslane (Sesuvium portulacastrum or maritimum)
  • Saltmarsh aster (Symphyotrichum tenuifolium)

Plants higher in the mid marsh:

  • Saltbush or groundsel (Baccharis angustifolia or halimifolia)
  • Railroad vine (Ipomoea spp.)
  • Marsh elder (Iva frutescens)
  • Green buttonwood (Conocarpus  erectus)-Volusia County only
  • East coast dune sunflower (Helianthus debilis)
  • Blanketflower (Gaillardia pulchella)
  • Cabbage palm (Sabal palmetto)
  • Sand cordgrass (Spartina bakeri)
  • Red bay (Persea borbonia)
  • Sea ox-eye daisy (Borrichia frutescens)
  • Muhle grass (Muhlenbergia capillaris)
  • Seagrape (Coccoloba uvifera) –Volusia County only
  • Wax myrtle (Myrica cerifera)
  • Gulf spikerush (Eleocharis cellulosa)
  • Black needlerush (Juncus roemarianus)
  • Sweet acacia (Vachellia farnesiana) –Volusia County only

 

The high marsh is generally flooded only during higher than average high tides. It does not experience waterlogged conditions or severe salt stress.

Plants in the high marsh:

  • Fakahatchee grass (Trypsacum dactyloides)
  • False indigo (Amorpha fruticosa)
  • Red cedar (Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola)
  • Firebush (Hamelia patens) –Volusia County only
  • Myrsine (Myrsine cubana)-Volusia County only
  • Florida privet (Forestiera segregata)
  • Inkberry (Ilex glabra)
  • Seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens)
  • Porterweed (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis)-Volusia County only
  • Herb of grace (Bacopa monnieri)
  • Snowberry (Chiococca alba)
  • Sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana)
  • Beautyberry (Callicarpa americana)
  • Gumbo limbo (Bursera simaruba)-Volusia County only
  • Yaupon holly (llex vomitoria)
  • Milkweed (Asclepias spp.)
  • Christmasberry (Lycium carolinianum)

 

Central Florida

The low marsh is located along the seaward edge of the salt marsh. It is usually flooded at every tide and exposed during low tide.

Plants in the low marsh:

  • Annual Glasswort (Salicornia bigelovii)
  • Black Mangrove (Avicennia germinans)
  • Perennial Glasswort (Sarcocornia ambigua)
  • Red Mangrove (Rhizophora mangle)
  • Saltwort (Batis maritima)
  • Sea Purslane (Sesuvium portulacastrum)
  • Smooth Cord Grass (Spartina alterniflora)

 

The mid marsh lies between the low marsh and high marsh. The plants here can tolerate flooding but prefer drier conditions.

Plants in the mid marsh:

  • Dog Fennel (Eupatorium capillifolium)
  • Dollarweed (Hydrcotyle umbellate)
  • Evening Primrose (Oenothera biennis)
  • Salt Meadow Cord Grass (Spartina patens)
  • Seashore Paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum)

 

The high marsh is generally flooded only during higher than average high tides. It does not experience waterlogged conditions or severe salt stress.

Plants in the high marsh:

  • Bahia Grass (Paspalum notatum)
  • Beach Sunflower (Hellanthus debilis)
  • Bermuda Grass (Cyndon dactylon)
  • Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)
  • Black Medick (Medicago lupulina)
  • Blanket Flower (Gaillardia pulchella)
  • Coastal Sandspur (Cenchrus spinifex)
  • Common Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus)
  • Eastern Gama Grass (Tripsacum dactyloides)
  • Firebush (Hamelia patens)
  • Hairawn muhly (Muhlenbergia capillaris)
  • Little Bur Clover (Medicago minima)
  • Necklace Pod (Sophora tomenosa var. truncate)
  • Ox-eye daisy (Borrichia frutescens)
  • Pepperweed (Lepidium latifolium)
  • Ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)
  • Railroad Vine (Ipomoea pes-caprae)
  • Salt Grass (Distichlis spicata)
  • Sandcord grass (Spartina bakeri)
  • Seaside Goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens)
  • Spanish Needle (Bidens alba)
  • Starry Rosinweed (Silphium asteriscus)
  • Sunshine Mimosa (Mimosa strigillosa)
  • Sweet White Clover (Melilotus albus)
  • Twin Flower (Dyschoriste oblongifolia)
  • Virginia Plaintain (Plantago virginica)
  • White Indigo Berry (Randia aculeate)

 

Southwest Florida

The low marsh is located along the seaward edge of the salt marsh. It is usually flooded at every tide and exposed during low tide.

Plants in the low marsh:

  • Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora)
  • Saltwort (Batis maritima)
  • Gulf cordgrass (Spartina spartinae)
  • Glasswort (Sarcocornia ambigua)

 

 

The mid marsh lies between the low marsh and high marsh. The plants here can tolerate flooding but prefer drier conditions.

Plants just above the mean high water line:

  • Saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens)
  • Red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle)
  • Black mangrove (Avicennia germinans)
  • Seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum)
  • Sea purslane (Sesuvium portulacastrum or maritimum)
  • Saltgrass (Distichlis spicata)
  • Seashore dropseed (Sporobolus virginicus)
  • White mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa)

Plants higher in the mid marsh:

  • Saltbush or groundsel (Baccharis angustifolia or halimifolia)
  • Railroad vine (Ipomoea spp.)
  • Sweet acacia (Vachellia farnesiana)
  • Green buttonwood (Conocarpus  erectus)
  • Marsh elder (Iva frutescens)
  • Silver buttonwood (Conocarpus  erectus var. sericeus)
  • West coast dune sunflower (Helianthus debilis subspecies vestitus)
  • Blanketflower (Gaillardia pulchella)
  • Cabbage palm (Sabal palmetto)
  • Sand cordgrass (Spartina bakeri)
  • Wild lantana (Lantana involucrata)
  • Sea ox-eye daisy (Borrichia frutescens)
  • Muhle grass (Muhlenbergia capillaris)
  • Seagrape (Coccoloba uvifera)
  • Wax myrtle (Myrica cerifera)
  • Gulf spikerush (Eleocharis cellulosa)
  • Black needlerush (Juncus roemarianus)
  • Pondapple (Annona glabra)
  • Red bay (Persea borbonia)

 

The high marsh is generally flooded only during higher than average high tides. It does not experience waterlogged conditions or severe salt stress.

Plants in the high marsh:

  • Fakahatchee grass (Trypsacum dactyloides)
  • False indigo (Amorpha fruticosa)
  • Oak (Quercus spp.)
  • Red cedar (Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola)
  • Firebush (Hamelia patens)
  • Milkweed (Asclepias spp.)
  • Myrsine (Myrsine cubana)
  • Gumbo limbo (Bursera simaruba)
  • Florida privet (Forestiera segregata)
  • Seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens)
  • Porterweed (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis)
  • Inkberry (Ilex glabra)
  • White indigoberry (Randia aculeata)
  • Herb of grace (Bacopa monnieri)
  • Sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana)
  • Necklacepod (Sophora tomentosa var. truncata)
  • Snowberry (Chiococca alba)
  • Beautyberry (Callicarpa americana)

 

Southeast Florida

The low marsh is located along the seaward edge of the salt marsh. It is usually flooded at every tide and exposed during low tide.

Plants in the low marsh:

  • Red Mangrove (Rhizophora mangle)
  • Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora)

 

The mid marsh lies between the low marsh and high marsh. The plants here can tolerate flooding but prefer drier conditions.

Plants just above the mean high water line:

  • Saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens)
  • Saltwort (Batis maritima)
  • Glasswort (Sarcocornia ambigua)
  • Black mangrove (Avicennia germinans)
  • Saltgrass (Distichlis spicata)
  • Seashore dropseed (Sporobolus virginicus)
  • Sea purslane (Sesuvium portulacastrum or maritimum)
  • Seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum)
  • White mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa)

Plants higher in the mid marsh:

  • Saltbush or groundsel (Baccharis angustifolia or halimifolia)
  • Railroad vine (Ipomoea spp.)
  • Sweet acacia (Vachellia farnesiana)
  • Green buttonwood (Conocarpus  erectus)
  • Marsh elder (Iva frutescens)
  • Silver buttonwood (Conocarpus  erectus var. sericeus)
  • East coast dune sunflower (Helianthus debilis)
  • Blanketflower (Gaillardia pulchella)
  • Wild lantana (Lantana involucrata)
  • Sand cordgrass (Spartina bakeri)
  • Cabbage palm (Sabal palmetto)
  • Sea ox-eye daisy (Borrichia frutescens)
  • Muhle grass (Muhlenbergia capillaris)
  • Seagrape (Coccoloba uvifera)
  • Wax myrtle (Myrica cerifera)
  • Gulf spikerush (Eleocharis cellulosa)
  • Black needlerush (Juncus roemarianus)
  • Pondapple (Annona glabra)
  • Red bay (Persea borbonia)

 

The high marsh is generally flooded only during higher than average high tides. It does not experience waterlogged conditions or severe salt stress.

Plants in the high marsh:

  • Fakahatchee grass (Trypsacum dactyloides)
  • False indigo (Amorpha fruticosa)
  • Red cedar (Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola)
  • Firebush (Hamelia patens)
  • Milkweed (Asclepias spp.)
  • Myrsine (Myrsine cubana)
  • Gumbo limbo (Bursera simaruba)
  • Florida privet (Forestiera segregata)
  • Seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens)
  • Porterweed (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis)
  • White indigoberry (Randia aculeata)
  • Herb of grace (Bacopa monnieri)
  • Sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana)
  • Necklacepod (Sophora tomentosa var. truncata)
  • Snowberry (Chiococca alba)
  • Inkberry (Ilex glabra)
  • Beautyberry (Callicarpa americana)
  • Saw palmetto (Serenoa repens)
  • Beach elder (Iva imbricata)

South Florida

The low marsh is located along the seaward edge of the salt marsh. It is usually flooded at every tide and exposed during low tide.

Plants in the low marsh:

  • Smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora)
  • Saltwort (Batis maritima)
  • Gulf cordgrass (Spartina spartinae)
  • Glasswort (Sarcocornia ambigua)

 

 

The mid marsh lies between the low marsh and high marsh. The plants here can tolerate flooding but prefer drier conditions.

Plants just above the mean high water line:

  • Saltmeadow cordgrass (Spartina patens)
  • Red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle)
  • Black mangrove (Avicennia germinans)
  • Seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum)
  • Sea purslane (Sesuvium portulacastrum or maritimum)
  • Saltgrass (Distichlis spicata)
  • Seashore dropseed (Sporobolus virginicus)
  • White mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa)

Plants higher in the mid marsh:

  • Saltbush or groundsel (Baccharis angustifolia or halimifolia)
  • Railroad vine (Ipomoea spp.)
  • Sweet acacia (Vachellia farnesiana)
  • Green buttonwood (Conocarpus  erectus)
  • Marsh elder (Iva frutescens)
  • Silver buttonwood (Conocarpus  erectus var. sericeus)
  • West coast dune sunflower (Helianthus debilis subspecies vestitus)
  • Blanketflower (Gaillardia pulchella)
  • Cabbage palm (Sabal palmetto)
  • Sand cordgrass (Spartina bakeri)
  • Wild lantana (Lantana involucrata)
  • Sea ox-eye daisy (Borrichia frutescens)
  • Muhle grass (Muhlenbergia capillaris)
  • Seagrape (Coccoloba uvifera)
  • Wax myrtle (Myrica cerifera)
  • Gulf spikerush (Eleocharis cellulosa)
  • Black needlerush (Juncus roemarianus)
  • Pondapple (Annona glabra)
  • Red bay (Persea borbonia)

 

The high marsh is generally flooded only during higher than average high tides. It does not experience waterlogged conditions or severe salt stress.

Plants in the high marsh:

  • Fakahatchee grass (Trypsacum dactyloides)
  • False indigo (Amorpha fruticosa)
  • Oak (Quercus spp.)
  • Red cedar (Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola)
  • Firebush (Hamelia patens)
  • Milkweed (Asclepias spp.)
  • Myrsine (Myrsine cubana)
  • Gumbo limbo (Bursera simaruba)
  • Florida privet (Forestiera segregata)
  • Seaside goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens)
  • Porterweed (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis)
  • Inkberry (Ilex glabra)
  • White indigoberry (Randia aculeata)
  • Herb of grace (Bacopa monnieri)
  • Sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana)
  • Necklacepod (Sophora tomentosa var. truncata)
  • Snowberry (Chiococca alba)
  • Beautyberry (Callicarpa americana)